What is Burlap?

What is Burlap

What is Burlap?

Burlap, also known as hessian or jute, is a versatile and coarse-woven fabric made from natural plant fibers, primarily the jute plant (Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis).


This material has a long history and a wide range of uses, from agricultural and industrial applications to crafting and home décor. In this article, we will delve into the world of burlap, exploring its origins, properties, and various uses.



What is Burlap


The Origins of Burlap


Burlap has its roots in ancient civilizations, with its name believed to originate from the Middle English word “burel” or “borel,” meaning coarse fabric.

The jute plant, native to the Indian subcontinent, is the primary source of burlap fibers.

It was traditionally cultivated in regions like Bengal (present-day Bangladesh and West Bengal, India) and was used to create various textiles. Read more about Jute Production in India

The versatility and durability of burlap quickly made it a valuable resource for a wide range of applications, both functional and decorative.


Properties of Burlap


Understanding the key properties of burlap is crucial to appreciating its various applications:


1. Coarse Texture:


Burlap is known for its rough and coarse texture, owing to the loosely woven jute fibers. This texture gives burlap its distinctive appearance and tactile quality.


2. Biodegradability:


One of the notable features of burlap is its eco-friendliness. Being a natural fiber, it is biodegradable and decomposes relatively quickly, making it an environmentally sustainable material.


3. Breathability:


Burlap’s loose weave allows air to pass through easily, making it an excellent choice for products where breathability is essential, such as bags for storing agricultural produce.


4. Strength and Durability:


Despite its coarse texture, burlap is remarkably strong and durable. It can withstand considerable wear and tear, making it suitable for heavy-duty applications.


5. Absorbency:


Burlap has good absorbent properties, which makes it useful in various agricultural and gardening applications, such as protecting plants from frost or erosion control.


Uses of Burlap


The versatility of burlap extends to its numerous applications:


1. Agriculture:


Burlap is widely used in agriculture for making sacks and bags to store and transport various crops, including grains, potatoes, and coffee beans. Its breathability helps in preventing mold and mildew growth.


2. Erosion Control:


In landscaping and environmental conservation, burlap is employed as erosion control fabric. It helps stabilize soil, prevent runoff, and promote the growth of vegetation.


3. Crafting and Decor:


Burlap’s rustic charm has made it a popular choice in the crafting and home décor industry. It is used for creating rustic-themed decorations, table runners, curtains, and more.


4. Upholstery:


Some furniture and upholstery designers opt for burlap due to its durability and natural appearance. It is often used as a foundation material for upholstery projects.


5. Fashion:


Burlap has even found its way into the fashion world, where designers use it to create unique clothing items and accessories with an eco-friendly appeal.


6. Garden and Plant Care:


Gardeners use burlap to protect plants from harsh weather conditions, especially during the winter months. Burlap wraps and covers shield delicate plants from frost and wind.




Burlap, a rough and rugged fabric derived from jute fibers, has a long and storied history.


Its unique properties, including durability, breathability, and biodegradability, have made it a valuable material in a wide array of applications, from agriculture and landscaping to crafting and fashion.


Whether you’re looking to protect your garden plants or add a touch of rustic charm to your home décor, burlap is a versatile choice worth considering.


So, the next time you encounter this humble fabric, you’ll have a deeper appreciation for its rich history and practicality.

Categories :

AP Exim Commercials